Latino/a Trans Discrimination: New Analysis from the Nat'l Trans Discrimination Survey
Today, NCTE, the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) released new analysis on Latino/a trans people, a supplement to the groundbreaking Encuesta Nacional de Discriminación Transgénero. Even given the unconscionable levels of discrimination against all transgender people in the United States, people of color including Latinos/as experienced heightened levels of discrimination and had worse outcomes than the sample overall. Racism and anti-immigrant bias played a role in these outcomes, with non-citizen Latino/a respondents often reporting even worse experiences. NCTE Executive Director Mara Keisling said, “This report paints a devastating picture of the treatment of our Latino and Latina transgender brothers and sisters who, on a daily basis, endure extreme poverty, unemployment and discrimination just to live out their full lives.” Some key findings include:
- Latino/a transgender people had a very high unemployment rate at 20 percent, higher than the overall transgender sample (14 percent) and nearly three times the rate of the general population at the time the survey was fielded (7 percent).
- Las personas transgénero latinas a menudo viven en la pobreza extrema y el 28 por ciento reporta un ingreso familiar de menos de $10,000 al año. Esto es casi el doble de la tasa de personas transgénero de todas las razas (15 por ciento), más de cinco veces la tasa de población latina general (5 por ciento) y siete veces la tasa de población general de EE. UU. (4 por ciento). La tasa de encuestados latinos/as no ciudadanos fue del 43 por ciento.
- Latino/a transgender people were affected by HIV in devastating numbers. One in twelve Latino/a respondents were HIV-positive and an additional 10 percent reported that they did not know their status.
- Cuarenta y siete por ciento de los encuestados latinos informaron haber intentado suicidarse.
“We have long known that race and citizenship status have a very real impact on transgender people," said Mara Keisling, "And for the first time, we can identify in specific terms, what these painful realities are." Other key findings include:
- Los encuestados latinos que asistieron a la escuela como personas transgénero informaron índices alarmantes de acoso (77 por ciento), agresión física (36 por ciento) y agresión sexual (13 por ciento) en K-12; el acoso fue tan severo que llevó al 21 por ciento a abandonar la escuela. El nueve por ciento también fueron expulsados por prejuicios.
- Twenty-seven percent of Latino/a respondents said they had experienced homelessness at some point in their lives, nearly four times the rate of the general U.S. population (7.4 percent).
- Veintitrés por ciento de las personas transgénero latinas informaron que se les negó atención médica debido a prejuicios.
“This study shows how devastating multiple discrimination is for Latino and Latina transgender people,” said LULAC Executive Director Brent Wilkes. “We are committed to ensuring that all people, regardless of race, sexual orientation and gender identity are respected and treated fairly." He called on other Latino groups to speak out and address anti-trans discrimination harassment and violence, saying "We will not stand idly by in a society where equality is not within everyone’s reach.” Rea Carey, executive director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force said, “The numbers make clear the way that racism, anti-immigrant and anti-transgender bias all work together, often with devastating results in the lives of Latino and Latina transgender people. We must ensure that we continue to work toward an LGBT movement that prioritizes immigration, racial and economic justice.” NCTE has long worked to support trans immigrants, particularly advocating to ensure that the forthcoming Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) regulations apply to immigration detention centers. "Documented or not," Keisling said, "these numbers tell us that the LGBT movement must have an immigrant-inclusive agenda." Read the full report in Inglés y en español.